For the back-breeding
program, selected representatives of various colour
varieties of Appenzeller
paired with likewise selected animals of the extremely rare
chickens. The necessary animal exchange between Italy and
Switzerland was approved by the relevant authorities, the
veterinary requirements are met. In the offspring, i.e. in
the "New Tyrolean" two things are noteworthy:
- Although the different
color varieties have been bred to each other (to obtain
the broadest possible genetic basis) outweighs black
color with the offspring (even in matings whiteXwhite).
Some strains develop then in the phase of pullets and
cockerels a magnificent plumage (see below). Such strains
are now being consolidated breeding.
- The offspring seems to
inherit the mind of the sedate Polveraras: flying little
and hardly nervous. They can be caught and picked up
easily and are therefore suitable for Ark
numerous children. Even between cocks, there is little
Those wishing to participate in the project and take a
address oneself to the contact persons listed under
Please note: The delivery of the new Tyrolean should not
interfere with the conservation breeding of endangered local
Offspring 2012: above:
pullets; below: cockerels
Characterization of New Tyrolean
(end of 2015):
Neu-Tirolerhuhn, Tirolerhuhn, Tirolese (it)
Area of origin:
Territory of the former Austrian Empire, the provinces
of Bolzano and Trento (IT), Tyrol, Salzburg and Vorarlberg
(A), Central and Eastern Switzerland (CH), South German
border area in Bavaria (Germany).
Type and productive
Elegant and sturdy chicken of medium height, very
attractive and forward facing pointed hood (bonnet),
well-developed beard. The chickens have a well-developed
brood drive. Attitude in general on family farms with
extensive free-range (pasture), dual-purpose chicken meat
and eggs (about 52-58 grams). The meat is lean and of fine
Average weight of mature cock: 2.0-2.4 kg.
Average weight of mature hen: 1.5-1.8 kg.
Egg: 52-58 gr, Minimum Weight 50 gr
Color of the egg shell: pure white and whitish
Laying performance: 160-200 eggs / year.
Size of the base ring: 18 mm cock, hen 16 mm.
- Body: cylindrical,
medium length, well rounded.
- Head: compact, of medium
height, hood facing forward.
- Beak: strong and
slightly curved, of a greyish to bluish-black
- Eyes: large, lively,
bright and red-orange to brown in color
- Crest: small V-shaped
- Wattles: small and
- Face: red.
- Ear shells: Medium size,
oval and white-bluish color.
- Beard: Beard and
whiskers often black, wattles and ear cups cover only
- Hood: Always well
developed and directed forward.
With cocks: high and narrow; with hens: full (wide) and
- Neck: upright, often
with black ruff. Cock: long, arched and carried erect;
with long and fine feathers. Hen: rather short and
- Shoulders: average
- Back: average length and
width; lowered the tail.
- Wings: worn close to the
- Tail: carried upright,
even with the hen.
- Chest: little
projecting, carried high.
- Legs: medium long,
conspicuous and not feathered, blue to slate-green, four
- Belly: well developed,
- Skin: pale,
- Structure of the
plumage: close fitting, long, rounded
- Coloring of the plumage:
and color characteristics which lead to
- To squat or upright
- Feeble hull;
- Open, falling apart,
crooked or rear-facing hood
- Not sufficiently
- Of the characteristic
differing body mass and weight.
In the Tyrolean chickens
there were different color varieties, the black color
With the New Tyroleans the black colour also dominates, but
there are also several colour variants. Colour strains still
need to be strengthened!